This ancient and beautiful building, dedicated to St Oswald, was, in 1343, donated to the monastery of Beauvale in Nottinghamshire. Following the dissolution of the monasteries in 1540, the rectorial rights passed back into lay hands.
A branch of the ancient family of 'Knaresborough' migrated to the parish (Ferrensby - just along the road) probably in the reign of Edward VI and remained there until the end of the seventeenth century. In Elizabeth I's reign the following families also lived here: Bainbridge, Danby, Clifford, Jennings, Percy, Pullen, Vavasour. The Roundell family lived here (they have a monument in St. John's Knaresborough) as also did the Bickerdykes. The mother and sisters of Guy Fawkes lived with him in Scotton and the sisters Elizabeth and Ann were both married in this church (1594 and 1599).